Original Articles


Studying The Factors Affecting Turnover Intention Of Nurses In Hospitals In Sari, Iran
Seyedeh Ameneh Banafti, Sedigheh Ebrahimi Alavikolaei, Ali Asghar Abbasi Esfajir
 
Pages: 1-5
Published Date: 5 February, 2016
[ Abstract ]
ABSTRACT: This study was performed with the aim of studying the effect of individual and organizational factors, job satisfaction and social support (head nurse and colleagues) at the nurses' turnover intention. This study was post-event study and population size was 1476 individuals, 302 nurses were participated in it who was working at hospitals in Sari, Iran. The data were analyzed through one-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation using SPSS version 21. Results showed that components of head nurse support and colleague support had no effect on turnover intention and job satisfaction had an effect on turnover intention (p>0.000), as well as work experience had an effect on turnover intention. Also, the support of head nurse had effect on job satisfaction (p>0.000) and colleague support on job satisfaction (p>0.000) and head nurse support on colleague support (p>0.000). The results indicated that hospital and nursing managers can be able to have positive impact on colleagues support and job satisfaction and cause reducing turnover intention by considering the head nurse individual differences and more support such as creating appropriate shifts and capable work teams.
Investigating The Mediating Role Of Narcissism On The Empathy Relationship And Inter Personal Relationships Quality Among Senior Managers
Masoumeh Tehrani-Javan, Sara Pashang, Maryam Mashayekh
 
Pages: 6-13
Published Date: 5 February, 2016
[ Abstract ]
ABSTRACT: This study was performed in order to investigate the mediating role of narcissism on the empathy relationship and inter personal relationships quality among senior managers. The research method was collecting descriptive information (corelation) and the porpuse was applied. The population was consisted of 140 senior managers in Tehran that were selected based on simple randomized stratification sampling among the population. Data collection tools were included three valid questionnaires. Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-60) measures interpersonal problems in six areas of assertiveness, sociability, obedience, sincerity, responsibility and avoidance. Margolis Thomas narcissism scale (MTNS) and emotional empathy questionnaire. Minimum and maximum scores of subject in empathy scale will be 33 and 297, respectively. Collected data were analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics including frequency distributions and graphs, and structural equation modeling by softwares. The results indicated that the narcissism mediate significantly the relationship between empathy and the quality of interpersonal relationships.
Comparison of nine personality types (Enneagram) in athletes and non-athletes
Zeinab Foruzesh, Sara Pashang, Marjan Hosseinzade Taqvaye
 
Pages: 14-20
Published Date: 5 February, 2016
[ Abstract ]
ABSTRACT : The aim of this study was to compare the nine personality types (Enneagram) in athletes and non-athletes. The purpose of this study is functional and it is of descriptive, causative and comparative type. The sample includes all athlete and nonathlete students of Islamic Azad University of Karaj and of this population 300 subjects were selected by convenience sampling. Enneagram Questionnaire was used for data collection. ANOVA test showed that in all cases of testing sig=0, the null hypothesis was rejected according to the degree of freedom and t. test and original hypothesis was accepted with 95% confidence level. The results related to the hypotheses indicated that there is a meaningful difference between nine personality types in athletes and non-athletes. There is a useful division to examine the personality characteristics and many features including toughness and body image in ones' character can be predicted through that.
Investigating the Relationship of Women's sexual Frigidity with Their Marital Adjustment and Psychological Well-being
Aazam Ghorbany, Nader Emam-Gholipour Ahangar, Habibollah Naderi
 
Pages: 21-25
Published Date: 5 February, 2016
[ Abstract ]
ABSTRACT: This present study was conducted with aim of investigating the relationship between women's sexual frigidity with marital adaptability and their psychological well-being. This research was a descriptive study and the statistical population included all of the women who referred to the health centers in Mahmudabad, Iran. From the population of study (250), 150 participants were selected by non-probabilistic sampling method and filled Eshgee and Barami's questionnaire of sexual frigidity, Spanir's Marital Adaptability Questionnaire (1976) and Reef's Psychological Well-being questionnaire (1989). In order to analyze the obtained data, SPSS version 20 and Pearson correlation and step by step multiple regression methods were used. The results showed that there is a negative significant correlation between the sexual frigidity in women with marital adjustment (P<0.03) and psychological well-being (P<0.001). Also there was a negative significant correlation between emotional frigidity and marital adjustment (P<0.05) and physical frigidity and marital adjustment (P <0.006), but there wasn't significant correlation between marital adaption with cognitive frigidity (P>0.95) and behavioral frigidity (P>0.34). As such there was a negative significant correlation between psychological well-being and emotional frigidity (P<0.001), cognitive frigidity (P<0.001) and behavioral frigidity (P<0.001), but there wasn't a significant correlation between psychological well-being and physical frigidity (P>0.52). On the other hand, psychological well-being and marital adjustment have been able to predict sexual frigidity (R2 = 0.478).
The Role of Service linkages in City-Village Relationships in Central District of RashtCounty
Seyed Mahmoud Rahsepar Miadi, Seyed Ali Pourfikouhi, Teymour Amar
 
Pages: 26-34
Published Date: 5 February, 2016
[ Abstract ]
ABSTRACT: The rapid growth of urbanization in recent years, rural-urban disparities, and increasing trend of rural-to-urban migrations have persuaded many social scientists including geographers to carry out extensive researches about the relations between rural and urban areas. In this way, we can find a suitable solution for establishing a balanced development trend for urban and rural areas that is proportional to available regional and national facilities. We can also find a solution for preventing villagers from migrating to cities and decrease the sharp differences between socio-economic advantages of rural and urban areas which are currently increasing. The villages of Rasht County have had a key role in economic circulation through farming and specially by planting rice and are still continuing their role in economics, but the surrounding villages have been influenced by economic and business effects and increasing growth of Rasht. Therefore, followingthe business transactions between villages and the city, especially in central district of Rasht County, many internal and external changes have been created in development course of this part’s villages. Among external changes we can refer to rural-to-urban migrations. The analysis methods of this paper are documentary (library) and field studies (questionnaires). In order to analyze the collected data, we have used the statistical analyses in SPSS software. This paper shows that how the service role of the city influences in the economic, social and physical changes in villages. Therefore, these relationships have resulted in the use of urban elements in the villages, the change in rural perspective, decreased distance between rural and urban culture, and domination of urbanization culture on rural culture. These changes can be seen in the style of clothing, speaking, traditions and other aspects of life.
Studying the Effect of Transformational Leadership on the Development of a Learning Organization in Iran Insurance Company in Tehran
Manouchehr Jofreh, Elham Khazaei
 
Pages: 35-44
Published Date: 5 February, 2016
[ Abstract ]
ABSTRACT: The requisite of continuous organizational change and development in modern dynamic and changing environments is the presence of conversant and guiding leaders or in other words, transforming-caused leaders. Due to increasing consider to leading factor in causing organizational evolutions through the world and its role in organizational learning and development of learner organization, this research is tried to study effect of transforming leadership in development of learner organization. For this purpose, 120 employees of Iran insurance company were randomly selected in Tehran. In this research, Pierson correlation test was used for analyzing data to study relation and linear regression analysis was used for testing and studying effect of aspects of evolution-oriented leadership in development of learner organization. After collecting data based on Raferti and Griffin questionnaires, they were analyzed by spss software. Finding of the research shows that there was positive and significant effect of transforming leadership in development of learner organization and all hypotheses of the research were confirmed. Finally, considering to the results, some applied proposals were presented for using other researchers.
Comparative Study of Training Styles and Prevention of Delinquency in the Religious and Secular Viewpoints
Adel Sarikhani, Mashallah Karimi
 
Pages: 45-51
Published Date: 5 February, 2016
[ Abstract ]
ABSTRACT: Family as the first and most important social institution can have negative or positive significant influence on diversified growing of children, development of their characters and behavior by using common or religious style of training. Accordingly, parenting styles can be divided into two general categories: one group consists of secular styles that are based on human vision and the other is religious style that is based on religious teachings. But what is especially important, is the outcomes of each of these styles in better prevention of delinquency arising from the education of children. Hence the result of this comparison shows that the religiously responsible parenting style based on the Quranic verses and anecdotes, is the best parenting method that can be effective in the prevention of children’s delinquency, whichare trained with it. Meanwhile the authoritative parenting amongsecular styles, has more closeness to the religiously responsible parentingstyle, but other secular parenting styles (permissive, authoritarian and negligent) are counted as unhealthy, because they not only prevent children’s abnormality and delinquency, but also are hurtful and lead tolawbreaking.
Investigate affecting factors on improvement of assessment quality of students' academic achievement of Marivan city high school from teacher’s view
E. Razdar, M. A. Zebardast
 
Pages: 52-59
Published Date: 5 February, 2016
[ Abstract ]
ABSTRACT: The present study was done intend to identify "factors in improving assessment quality of academic achievement of high school teachers in the academic year 2013-2014 Marivan city". In this regard, the present study considered organizational factors, psychological, physical and designing test question in improving assessment quality of academic achievement. The population of this city high school teacher in the 2013-2014 academic year, out of which 184 were selected randomly based on the sample. Research methodology is Descriptive- survey and research tool questionnaire with 25 close-ended questions. Questionnaire method was evaluated for validity and reliability was assessed using Cronbach's alpha coefficient for teachers 0.87. Data from the study were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Based on the results obtained by the study showed that the subjects of psychological, physical improving quality of academic achievement were considered higher than average organizational factor as average and a question designed to improve assessment quality of academic achievement less than average findings, also findings showed that the response of teachers with a BA degree and call teachers with a master's degree and associate degree teachers in the assessment factors to improve the assessment quality of educational differences had statistically significant.
The evaluation of climate change effects on hydrological drought in the Sirwan basin
M. Byzedi, M.R Khazaei
 
Pages: 60-67
Published Date: 5 February, 2016
[ Abstract ]
ABSTRACT: In recent decades, human activities increased concentrations of greenhouse gases that caused Increasing world temperature. Rising temperatures affect climate variables and causes of climate change that resulted the hydrological regime of rivers and the frequency and severity of droughts has changed. Studding of drought indexes Based on various climate change scenarios, and considering it on national and regional programming has a major role on development. Using climate change models, temperature and precipitation data generated and downscaled based on A1B، A2،andB1 scenarios. Then yearly temperature and precipitation series generated for Future climate of basin. The flow of Sirwan basin simulated by hydrological models and discharge series generated for now and future climate. Then hydrological droughts periods determined and analyzed based on threshold level method and effect of climate change evaluated on it.
Comparing perceptions and expectations of the insured from quality of base insurance organizations of the country in the city of Abadan by using SERVQUAL model (case study: the health insurance organization of Abadan)
Kh. Moghaddamnia, M. Dehghani Saryazdi
 
Pages: 68-75
Published Date: 5 February, 2016
[ Abstract ]
ABSTRACT: Nowadays insurance industry is considered one of the major and strongest economic institutions and supporting other economic entities and households. The service being of the industry has given certain characteristics to it. Basis of quality of service is customers' perceptions and expectations of the service. There are several models to assess the quality of service that SERVQUAL model is one of the most prestigious of them. In general, the aim of this study is to compare the perceptions and expectations of insured persons from service quality of health insurance organization of city of Abadan. This study in terms of the nature and purpose is descriptive and of survey type. All insured persons of city of Abadan health insurance organization during 2014 constitute the static sample of this study. According to available information, the number of insured is 131,395 people. According to the Cochran formula, the sample size was considered 3310 people and sampling method is simple random sampling. In Research data collection also library and field methods and standard SERVQUAL questionnaire (Parasuraman and Zythml, 1988) was used. In the data analysis also inferential statistical (Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, paired t-test, independent sample t test, analysis of single factor variance, Tokay test and Friedman test) was used. The results showed that perceptions of health insurance organization service quality are different with the expectations from it among insured persons. These findings were true for all aspects of SERVQUAL model and completely represent the main research hypothesis.
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